This article looks at gemology from to different, but complimentary perspectives, drawing the following conclusions: Scientific gemology needs experimentation in addition to observation. Unassailable source material is the foundation upon which that experimentation should be based. Thus, the first-hand collection of samples at the source is essential. Gemology is not just science. Gemologists and gemological journals need to balance scientific study with that focusing on the more humanistic and artistic aspects of the field.